Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums and present the following symptoms:
- Bleeding when brushing or flossing teeth
- Sore, tender, swollen and red gums
Healthy gums should present a pink colour and should not bleed when brushing and flossing.
Non treated gingivitis can lead to Periodontitis (gum disease), which has more serious consequences, like bone loss around the teeth, mobility of teeth and even tooth loss in its ultimate stage. Periodontitis is a chronic and irreversible disease that can only be controlled, but not cured.
The good news is that Gingivitis is reversible and when treated correctly, your gums will return to its healthy condition again.
The best way to prevent and treat gingivitis is to brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss at least once a day and visit your dentist for dental cleanings and check-ups regularly.
Some of the most common causes of oral cancer are: smoking or chewing tobacco, consuming more than three alcoholic drinks per day and exposure to ultra-violet light (sun damage).
Regular check-ups by a dentist is of fundamental importance to prevent any type of oral cancer. Dentists are trained and have the tools necessary to detect any anomaly that suggests signs of cancer. Higher recovery rates are achieved when a diagnostic of the disease happens on early stages.
More information about oral cancer facts and prevention can be found on the Canadian Cancer Society website.